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Direct evidence for a more fully formed Christian festival of Pascha (Easter) begins to appear in the mid-2nd century.
Perhaps the earliest extant primary source referring to Easter is a mid-2nd-century Paschal homily attributed to Melito of Sardis, which characterizes the celebration as a well-established one.
The ecclesiastical historian Socrates Scholasticus attributes the observance of Easter by the church to the perpetuation of its custom, "just as many other customs have been established", stating that neither Jesus nor his Apostles enjoined the keeping of this or any other festival.
Although he describes the details of the Easter celebration as deriving from local custom, he insists the feast itself is universally observed.
Through faith in the working of God those who follow Jesus are spiritually resurrected with him so that they may walk in a new way of life and receive eternal salvation, being physically resurrected to dwell in the Kingdom of Heaven.
He identified the matzah and cup of wine as his body soon to be sacrificed and his blood soon to be shed.
Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian Calendar.
is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus, preceded by Lent (or Great Lent), a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies.It has come to be the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March.The First Council of Nicaea (325) established two rules, independence of the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the Council.
(See also Computus and Reform of the date of Easter.) In particular, the Council did not decree that Easter must fall on Sunday. The following day, Easter Monday, is a legal holiday in many countries with predominantly Christian traditions.
The modern English term Easter, cognate with modern Dutch ooster and German Ostern, developed from an Old English word that usually appears in the form Ēastrun, -on, or -an; but also as Ēastru, -o; and Ēastre or Ēostre.